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Imaging » Knowledge Center » Machine Vision 101

Machine Vision 101: An Introduction

Machine vision uses sensors (cameras), processing hardware and software algorithms to automate complex or mundane visual inspection tasks and precisely guide handling equipment during product assembly. Applications include Positioning, Identification, Verification, Measurement, and Flaw Detection.

A machine vision system will work tirelessly performing 100% online inspection, resulting in improved product quality, higher yields and lower production costs. Consistent product appearance and quality drives customer satisfaction and ultimately market share.

A machine vision system consists of several critical components, from the sensor (camera) that captures a picture for inspection, to the processing engine itself (vision appliance) that renders and communicates the result. For any machine vision system to work reliably and generate repeatable results, it is important to understand how these crticial components interact.

The following sections will provide you with an introduction to lighting, staging, optics and cameras, all critical components of a successful machine vision solution. Additional help on these topics is available from your distributor or integrator, from IPD, and from vendors of lighting and lenses

 

Lighting Staging Lenses Cameras
Lighting Staging Lenses Cameras

Machine Vision system diagram

Applications

Industrial applications of Machine Vision include:

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